• The Beam Guy

How Can I Tell If I Have Dry Rot?

A Down and Dirty Visual Guide To Dry Rot in Roof Beams

Look for these signs and symptoms of dry rot:

  • paint that is peeling, wrinkled, or bubbled

  • cracking (especially the beam ends), sloughing, or divots in the wood

  • any discoloration, mold, or mildew

  • changes to the normal shape of the timber

  • anything growing on or out of the beam

Not all of these indicators will necessarily be present, but the more there are, the more likely there is significant decay.


Breaking It Down

One telltale sign of dry rot is often bubbled, distorted, wrinkled, or peeling paint:

Dry rot hidden under paint
Hidden dry rot under layers of distorted, wrinkling paint.

Dry rot under bubbled and wrinkled paint
Bubbled up paint is a sure sign of water damage—which is the harbinger of dry rot.

Cracking on the end of the beam with a checked appearance is an indicator of significant rot (usually a brown rot):

Dry rot cracked beam end with checked appearance, common in brown rot
This telltale checked appearance of dry rot in a roof beam is iconic.

Deep radial cracking is not only an indicator of dry rot, it is an avenue for spreading the problem. It can take on a variety of forms as seen in this slideshow (use the arrows or swipe):

Any change in the typical rectangular shape of a roof beam is a clear sign of dry rot affecting the structural integrity of the wood:

Dry rot distorted beam
A roof beam will collapse in on itself when the dry rot fungus consumes all the yummy parts of the wood.
Dry rot caused collapse
Here is a graphic example of a rotten beam being crushed under the weight of the roof load above.

Sloughing and divots also are telltale signs of extensive dry rot:

Significantly dry rotted beam crumbling when touched
A rather wicked brown rot infection in this roof beam leaves it crumbling to dust.
Dry rot in a beam with missing top
This beam, which once shouldered the weight of a giant fir tree, can hardly hold itself together once dry rot had set in.

Discoloration can be the fruiting body of a dry rot fungus:

Dry rot soft wood with discoloration caused by fruiting body of dry rot fungi
Bizarre surface growths, deep cracking and discoloration are signs of a deep fungus rot infection.

Nothing should ever be growing from your beam:

Dry rot eaten beam with moss growing inside
Moss and dry rot fungus thrive with moisture; this roof beam clearly drinks too much...
Beam with so much dry rot the mushroom fruiting body of the fungus is growing out of the deteriorated wood and finger pushed into the center of the beam
This roof beam clearly has a growing problem: a fungus infection old enough to produce offspring.

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